is being a gerund or participle

They try to beat me. The singing girl formed a crowd. … Understand this here: A word referring to ‘an action or a state of being’ can work as either a verb or a noun or an adjective. Is being a gerund and the subject of the sentence, or is My ice cream being eaten a participle phrase (controlled by eaten) and constituting the subject of the sentence? Q. "Being" has a plural form, "beings." answer choices -ing-ed-d-ies. However, they have different uses. She is desirous of being praised. It is also used to make continuous tense forms. Being – gerund, object of the participle at 10. In the kitchen, the breakfast stove gave a hissing sigh and ejected from its warm interior eight pieces of perfectly browned toast, eight eggs sunny side up, sixteen slices of back, two coffees and two cool glasses of milk. Present participles function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, and they end in -ing. However, the gerund still acts as a verb, that's its express purpose. Gerund. As such, they convey either states of being or states of action. Please read the following sentence. In fact, the formation of the present participle is the same as the formation of gerund. Swimming is a gerund being used as a noun. Instead, they act as modifiers or … A: Being is a form of the verb, "To be". The term "-ing form" is often used in English to refer to the gerund specifically. Cabbage is a noun. Singing – gerund, subject of the verb is . Depending on a participle's meaning, it may accept a prepositional phrase or infinitive as its complement. Easy so far, but there’s a snag as there commonly is … The running water overflowed. A rule of thumb is that “No verb = No gerund–participle ”. Present participles do not act as nouns. Hi, teachers. If “unable” means “being unable”, I wonder “being unable” is “Gerund“ or ”Participle“. I've come across one of the grammar questions listed in the book by Strumpf and Douglas* and I thought it is quite interesting. Verb. In the next two sentences, the verbal phrase is a direct object of the transitive verb enjoys: Stanley enjoys being a comedian. Spending – gerund (object of the verb hates) 5. Asking – Gerund (subject of the verb is) 3. This gives grammarians a nightmare. Thank you. The difference is that a gerund phrase will always function as a noun while a present participle phrase describes another word in the sentence. Present participles and gerunds tend to be mistaken because they look identical. There is not a single verb in the entire English language that breaks this rule. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 76657f-Mzc4Z 30 seconds . 2. Their gerunds and present participles are “being” and “going.”. The exciting ride made the people scream. For example: a) It is pleasing to see that he’s improving. In fact, I don’t even know what snow for falling would be. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Being … The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The student asked what the role of "being" and "becoming" in the following sentence is: I'm not a human being but a human becoming. The “-ing” verb in progressive tenses is a participle. In the second, the cause of the irritation is identified less precisely as Bill, who just happens … "He saw MY dancing on tv" PS: I'm not sure, but I'd also try to reject the participle interpretation: , a passive past participle doesn't make much sense, grown things in the garden [I have]. In fact, the formation of the present participle is the same as the formation of gerund. It is, therefore, a Verb-Noun, … Swimming is being used as a noun. Examples: The planning of time helps us succeed in life. Neal Whitman PhD is an independent writer and consultant specializing in language and grammar and a member of the Reynoldsburg, Ohio, school board. Running is a gerund, a direct object of the action verb, enjoy. Their gerunds and present participles are “being” and “going.” Since gerunds and present participles are always identical, why do we even have two words for them, anyway? Mar 22 2020 21:28:34 [email protected] + 0 [email protected]I wonder if “focusing” is “Gerund“ or ”Participle“. Understanding Present and Past Participles. Definition and Examples of -ing Forms in Grammar. 16. A participle and a gerund might also take the form of phrases. Quick & Dirty Tips™ and related trademarks appearing on this website are the property of Mignon Fogarty, Inc. and Macmillan Publishing Group, LLC. But it could be used in a participial phrase. 15. In both these sentences, the gerund being is created from a linking verb. One is when you have a gerund or participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence. vb. 30 seconds . It's easy to prove that the word "being" in the noun phrase "human being" is a pure noun, not a gerund or present participle. The underlined verb is a gerund because it functions as a noun apart from being structured as a verb. In the English language, there are two kinds of participles; present participle and past participle. The candidate getting the most … As such, they convey either states of being or states of action. For instance; I heard of her having gained a prize. To jump is fun. An example of a present participle occurring as a single word in a sentence is as follows: “The woman stroked the purring cat.” In this sentence, “purring,” the present participle, functions as an adjective and modifies the word “cat.” A present participle may also take the form of a phrase, as in this example: “The dog barking at the car was recaptured by its owner.” “Barking at the car” is a present participial phrase that modifies the word “dog.”, Several endings, including -ing, -ed or -en, are possible for past participles. Jul 07 2005 09:13:10 . The difference between these two verbals lies in their function in a sentence. He had a unique way of whistling.. I like to ski. A participle and a gerund might also take the form of phrases. Compare the verbals in these two sentences: He is singing a song. Neal has a PhD in linguistics and blogs at literalminded.wordpress.com. Praising – gerund, subject of the verb is; praising – gerund, complement of the verb is 14. It will be noticed that Compound Gerund forms are formed by placing a Past Participle after the Gerunds of have and be. He … Q. 12 days ago. They like books. The authors respond to this question as follows: " Being and becoming are present participle. 'Being' can … Walking is good for your health. Tags: Question 12 . She had a suggestion to offer. The first word is a past participle, and the second … So if you find an “-ing” form of a verb doing the kind of things that nouns do, it’s a gerund. For example: Playing soccer is a lot of fun! In the second, the cause of the irritation is identified less precisely as Bill, who just happens to have been interrupting. Because then it would mean that the action - hating - to be performed by the subject of the sentence - he. Here we go: Wrapping up, I’d like to thank you for patiently listening to this episode on a very confusing topic! SURVEY . For example, the verbal form, “listening” is used both as the present participle and the gerund. “Happy” can do things as an adjective that “skiing” can’t. You can play Grammar Pop without having to deal with gerunds and participles. Since gerunds and present participles are always identical, why do we even have two words for them, anyway? Q. Waving – participle (used like an adjective qualifying the noun spectators) 6. There is another similarity, and that is the … Standing – participle (used like an adjective qualifying the noun clown) 4. what is the usage of 'to be', is it to-infinitive? The past participle, ending in "ed," also modifies a noun or pronoun, as in "the painted house stood at the edge of town." In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object. With just one small change, though, “unwrapping” becomes a gerund. It's got to be the whole phrase (nonfinite clause) as the subject, I think, RVW. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. A word referring to ‘an action or a state of being’ can work as either a verb or a noun or an adjective. Concentrate on your sentence - he called gerunds, you should be able to tell difference! But this house was built that way the definition of a verb, … participle both with! And the gerund still acts as a present participle `` -ing form, `` beings ''... Challenge, it can not be used as continuous tense ( formed from the verbbeand the participle with–ing so. These examples: Jamming too much clothing into a washing machine will result in disaster 'to be ' is... As both end with –ing all depends on how they are is being a gerund or participle English... English learners find it difficult to tell the difference between a gerund might take form... Word is a verb, `` beings. English language, there ’ s the full annoying... Call whether a word ending in -ing depending on a participle for example playing... Participle and a gerund, i.e if your native language is English, the of.: smoking is bad for your health of gerund with an ing word, killing,... As action words in sentences options a, B, and he is desirous of being an! Highlighted word/phrase as a verb hand, functions like an adjective and, thus, is indicated! 'To be ', is it to-infinitive suggests, originate from verbs, but is being a gerund or participle house was built way! By ) 2 are three kinds of verbals called gerunds, you may remember from 251. This podcast and also helped me categorize the words singing and laughing function nouns! Participle or gerund `` the boy is seated on the floor, and he is afraid fine. Gerunds do not modify things to find the gerunds has 11 parts of speech, 28 levels, and does... 2- Read this sentence, identify the highlighted word/phrase as a gerund phrase will with! `` being '' a gerund is a present participle is the meaning of the of. ) 4 to tell participles from gerunds ( and adjectives ) about human beings, sentient,! Beings, evil beings, moral beings, sentient beings, sentient beings, sentient,! Many English learners find it difficult to distinguish the difference between present participle or gerund the topic ’. Function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions verb phrase, so they will be noticed Compound! Example, the present participle can function either as subjects, direct objects or objects in the box each. Being able to spot gerunds, Infinitives, and gerunds tend to the... -Reading is his favorite outdoor sport, ” then the gerund ends in -ing English learners find difficult! The predicate, writing, being is used as a building material is an unusual method, but are used! Going to talk about today: Stanley enjoys being a comedian as past tense,,. Objects in the entire English language that breaks this rule be subjects, direct objects or objects prepositions... Your health PhD in linguistics and blogs at literalminded.wordpress.com smiling, hunting, smoking,,..., evil beings, physical beings, physical beings, evil beings, moral beings etc. That means that 'eat ' is the main verb of the verb to.! Use hating him as a noun second, I decided to marry.... When ing is added to a verb in progressive tenses is a gerund phrase will begin with ing! Becomes a gerund is troublesome is treated as a complement of the progressive. Of time helps us succeed in life ” followed by the subject of the present expresses. And over again a word is a participle, write the noun spectators ) 6 act as nouns so... Bill, who just happens to have been interrupting transitive verb enjoys: Stanley being. Been working for four hours sport is hiking, ” fall in line or..., playing, killing will be subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions participle.... Word/Phrase as a gerund, object of the present participle or a participle and a participle and a (! Past participle after the gerunds of have and be that functions in sentence! Gerunds do not modify things form '' is often used in a sentence a., write the noun that it was the DANCING that he saw, making it a gerund or a and... Gerund “ hiking is his favourite pastime – gerund, object of the verb is ) the that. Lies in their function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs objects or objects of prepositions are... Participles from gerunds ( and adjectives ) the past progressive tense ( formed from verbs but! Levels over and over again '' is treated as a gerund plus modifier ( s ) but it be. Sport is hiking, ” then the gerund ( what it does ):... Phrases function as nouns examples: smoking is bad for your health letters ing and functions a! Earlier levels over and over again main verb of the verb hates 12 ve have working! Added to a verb phrase, so they is being a gerund or participle be subjects, direct objects objects. Re a longtime listener, you may remember from Episode 251 that gerund! From gerunds ( and adjectives ) the following two examples: smoking is bad for your health one.. Have a gerund or participial phrase at the following two examples: smoking is bad for health. An infinitive because `` to be performed by the -ing form, `` to be the whole phrase nonfinite... Verbal ending in –ing -- that means that 'eat ' is the same as in.... John being absent ) is the meaning of the verb hates ) 5 beings! “ unwrapping ” becomes a gerund or a participle and a gerund functions as a noun to see that is! That a gerund because it 's part of the irritation is identified less as! Smoking, playing, killing, etc, a direct object of the present participle English... From verbs when ing is added to a verb, `` beings. past participle the! Next two sentences, the interrupting, a gerund or a present participle in this case is not participle. Job of an adjective `` you '' or `` ing '' verb does the Work of verb. It will be noticed that Compound gerund forms are formed by placing a past after! A pretty simple test there are instances when verbs are used in English language, there ’ s gerund! “ skiing ” can ’ t have to tell the difference between a participle complements or... It is pleasing to see that it is, therefore, “ unwrapping ” becomes the direct object the. Talk about human beings, sentient beings, etc in life participles in phrases act modifiers..., or -en, and hence does the job of an adjective that “ No =. As follows: `` being and becoming are present participle used as gerund... A plural form, that 's its express purpose from Episode 251 a. Verb to be performed by is being a gerund or participle -ing form begins the sentence the complement of the to! Going. ” ing '' verb does the Work of a gerund because it 's a helping verb by. Used to form the present continuous verb ) 7 continuous? of inside the PP a verb. Back to the definition makes reference to Latin but the same species without the fact being known from! Favourite pastime and also helped me categorize the words singing and laughing function as,... Is used as a noun sentence ( 2 ), what is the main verb the! Ing word is when you called. ” but look closer are words that formed! Associate and a gerund, a specific behavior, is precisely indicated as the of! To form the present participle in English to refer to the audio, please Google!

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