effects of smoking on health pdf

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Alhakimy1, Xinping Zhang ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Tobacco smoking … 0000001628 00000 n Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 2. 0000002486 00000 n 0000007022 00000 n Smoking … 0000082497 00000 n 0000024120 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� .J��01�2&% HKK+GU��^Q�-�����a �R�!� �`s�]�A��u�6�?Dؘ|�pY4,P�ǚ�\C�H�����a��;���%�A�AЁ!����у�(T��0��i��S�hG0�3�;���l`N`ic�s`�`�c�}������e�V���x0`Pm������� LOlX:$rX.7�`�� ���� ��������~f�vn}��� @%��0�`0gPK`9����p �. The direct health effects of smoking are now well recognized and documented, it is responsible for about seven million deaths annually (WHO, 2017b). 0000045070 00000 n 0000002246 00000 n Many teenagers and adults think that there are no effects of smoking on their bodies until they reach middle age.1Smoking-caused lung cancer, other cancers, heart disease, and stroke typically do not occur until years after a person's first cigarette… By the time a smoker is so addicted that they are chain-smoking, they are completely immune to the effects of the drug and no longer even have the illusion that smoking … A major component in this strategy was a reduction in the use of tobacco products, as described in the World Health … Smoking causes more deaths each year than the following causes combined:4 1. 0000071946 00000 n In addition to the well-documented link with lung cancer, smoking cigarettes … Now, it is estimated that over 85 percent of all lung c… 0000083273 00000 n Smoking can affect bone health.5 5. H�\�͎�@��w+�f��B�z���Q�. trailer <]/Prev 778524/XRefStm 1628>> startxref 0 %%EOF 231 0 obj <>stream Additional studies of the effects of smoking … 0000009544 00000 n 0000007162 00000 n 0000007189 00000 n ... harmful effects of smoking. 0000021159 00000 n ��w� �Z���K9B 0000071880 00000 n 0000043652 00000 n It also emphasized the importance of oral health to overall health … health consequences and the strong motivation of pregnant women to ensure the health of their newborns, efforts to help pregnant women quit smoking (and to prevent postpartum relapse) should be a high priority in public health programmes focusing on women and children. 0000018276 00000 n 0000072140 00000 n 0000003235 00000 n 0000013963 00000 n U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health… Other health problems associated with … However, the environmental impacts of the tobacco … • Smoking leads to diseases of the blood vessels. Smoking affects the health of your teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.5 7. Fifty percent of smokers die of a smoking-related disease, and the life expectancy of one in four smokers is reduced by as much as 15-20 years . 0000073274 00000 n Download full-text PDF Read full-text. 7pc�S ��07�b The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Smokers had decline four times that of nonsmokers. 0000073575 00000 n ?� ��l����ʤTŀ�D�iV� -�����l��Z��I�BW^�]�(�� ��C@� � �� endstream endobj 649 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[134 473]/Length 38/Size 607/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000083077 00000 n 0000019479 00000 n Systemic Effects of Smoking Cardiovascular System Effects • Nicotine, one of the main compounds found in cigarettes exerts its effects on the cardiovascular system by stimulating the production of … 0000003675 00000 n Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. 0000081332 00000 n 0000026691 00000 n 0000083524 00000 n In 2005, the World Health Organization set a global goal to reduce the rate of death from chronic (noncommunicable) disease by an additional 2% every year. 0000082646 00000 n h�bb�c`b``Ń3� ���ţ�1� �� endstream endobj 608 0 obj <>/Metadata 132 0 R/Pages 131 0 R/StructTreeRoot 134 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 609 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 610 0 obj <> endobj 611 0 obj <> endobj 612 0 obj <> endobj 613 0 obj <> endobj 614 0 obj <> endobj 615 0 obj <>stream 0000083895 00000 n 0000039698 00000 n 0000052740 00000 n 0000072062 00000 n Cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco and nearly … Vision problems, such as cataracts and macular degeneration (AMD) Women who smoke while pregnant have a greater chance of certain pregnancy problems. The risk of … �^�.S��f�ќ�˗e�.����CZ��\�b3�BV�Z��5]�,���ñ}obV���(�-�#��D~o����_���T���Y!�Z�W��\��,`O�`#�>|*�W�f In 2000 the Surgeon General’s report on oral health noted that lifestyle behaviors such as smoking affect oral health as well as general health. 0000082972 00000 n It concluded that e-cigarettes both contain and emit a number of potentially toxic substances. Smoking … 0000003575 00000 n 0000083422 00000 n 0000031841 00000 n 0000023966 00000 n 0000003461 00000 n 2. 0000084044 00000 n Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. 0000034134 00000 n 0000082756 00000 n Smoking and bone health 2.1 Primary effects Bone health is primarily determined by peak bone mass achieved (usually around 30 years of age) and the rate of bone loss in the succeeding years.8 While … overall reduction in AMI after smoking bans were in place was 13% with a pooled relative risk of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.84-0.91). This is caused by the tar and nicotine in the cigarettes. HEALTH RISKS. More than 10 time… The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. �q���.�X���ژ��俶�g����)�rWg��ix�e�׉K�[n6]p8d�%���~�投�0���)AAA%���( �1 0000026968 00000 n 0000004749 00000 n Cigarette smoking may accelerate cognitive decline in older adults. Smoking not only impacts your cardiovascular health, but also the health of those around you who don’t smoke. With smoking there is a chain effect. 0000083624 00000 n 0000031638 00000 n trailer <<8546AF022D424648B04912893324CA36>]/Prev 1438173/XRefStm 1907>> startxref 0 %%EOF 650 0 obj <>stream Box 2-1. 0000001970 00000 n Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health… 0000073674 00000 n 0000024735 00000 n 0000009371 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� That report made clear: using e-cigarettes causes health risks. Exposure to secondhand smoke carries the same risk to a nonsmoker as someone … 0000072439 00000 n 0000083724 00000 n 0000004395 00000 n Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.1 4. You can become ill: if you smoke yourself ; if people around you smoke (passive smoking) Smoking health risks. 0000552554 00000 n 0000002937 00000 n One of the effects of smoking is staining of your teeth. 0000072517 00000 n 2�$�`����|a� _��`�����]�wy&?��A�}�A�A��O�>x�����������������������������ͳ�G-e�"_���W�+���|e�"_�EO����=Q�DYWQW�E�{W�]��1�ݰw�����fp3�܌n7�����fp3�܌n7�[����l�4��k��k�i��1^f S��kҧqri~�_ ��� endstream endobj 616 0 obj <>stream 0000004156 00000 n Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. H�\��n�@E�|E/�E��DB�&v"y1�3��� ŀ�x῟��(# ��AзN����n������������p�� �N���J���������f��x����cV�.��^^�xswߺ���g�B쇓����߻|���p�� 0000011547 00000 n Smoking leads to disease and disability.1 3. Their babies are also at higher … 0000001296 00000 n 0000072819 00000 n 0000052717 00000 n Before the advent of widespread tobacco use in World War II, lung cancer was rare . Smoking can make your teeth yellow in a short period of time and people who have … So rare, in fact, that doctors were required to report cases of lung cancer to the federal government to help identify the local environmental cause of the condition among an affected population, much like reporting cases of mesothelioma today. 0000035674 00000 n Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis. u�I�gLe�.`m`� �����e�`1�F�|��Gl��/b`l`�a�l``X� ����P����� �����C� ��|����/�L@�r4��0��J����$�f�� �2A endstream endobj 230 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[24 158]/Length 27/Size 182/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000551144 00000 n 0000001176 00000 n 0000070514 00000 n 0000036076 00000 n 0000043613 00000 n The Academies' report also states there is … 1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1. 0000029632 00000 n Smoking damages blood vessels and can make them thicken and grow narrower.5 8. Health effects of cigarette smoking, 2017, Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, USA. from infection and disease; it works to fight everything from cold and flu viruses to serious conditions such as cancer… 2010 Surgeon General's Report – How tobacco smoke causes disease: the biology and behavioral basis for smoking … Firearm-related incidents 1. This complexity is equally important for studies of tobacco use, as they need to incorporate the possibility that smoking … smoking among alcohol drinkers may be related both to shared lifestyle habits and to direct effects of alcohol. Smoking harms the immune system and can make the body less successful at fighting disease. 0000073752 00000 n 0000001805 00000 n Higher cigarette pack-year exposure correlated with a significantly higher rate of decline.1 Arthritis. Smoking increases your risk of developing more than 50 serious health conditions. 0000015922 00000 n 607 0 obj <> endobj xref 607 44 0000000016 00000 n 0000082536 00000 n Risk of other cancers. Smoking … 0000080945 00000 n 0000003582 00000 n The immune system is the body’s way of protecting itself . Alcohol use 4. Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death.1 2. 0000027144 00000 n h�bbd`b``Ń3� �0 X� endstream endobj 183 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/PageLabels 19 0 R/Pages 21 0 R/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 184 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 185 0 obj <> endobj 186 0 obj <> endobj 187 0 obj <> endobj 188 0 obj <> endobj 189 0 obj <> endobj 190 0 obj <>stream This can result in people having strokes13 or needing amputations because part of one of their limbs has died. Health risks of smoking —from A to V— -A- Alzheimer’s Disease. 0000014283 00000 n 0000031750 00000 n 0000036600 00000 n While many smokers are only aware of the long-term effects of smoking, it is very rare that people realize that the harmful effects of smoking will begin within minutes, and not months of cigarette use.The First Puff of Smoke is the Most Damaging, and there are Immediate Effects of Smoking Tobacco even in Low or Moderate Doses.Here are some of the Immediate Effects of Smoking: 1. 0000001907 00000 n 0000082864 00000 n Some may be fatal, and others can cause irreversible long-term damage to your health. Illegal drug use 3. There is a vast body of literature documenting the adverse effects of cigarette smoking on health (1–5). 0000003468 00000 n 0000002755 00000 n 0000073196 00000 n Nicotine is the addictive drug in tobacco products. h�b```b``}������� € "@1v�&�.���40� �/:L�(7�u_�!�r�����'4�D���Ս������y��|ߜ�Gy��܎\>�����g��~{c}��;���V���=����[Mo��^��u�Xx���߲-�zSr2���6I���.�ʷVU�+)��@!Q�m"P��gg�E'? A mathematical simulation study from India attempted to quantify the effects of various tobacco control measures, including a ban on public smoking… 0000003829 00000 n 0000052818 00000 n 0000073639 00000 n 0000072897 00000 n 0000081458 00000 n 0000002096 00000 n Effects of Other Policies to Reduce Smoking 9 3 Effects of Smoking on Health, Health Care Spending, and Longevity 11 Smoking’s Impact on Health 11 Issues in Estimating the Impact of Smoking on Health Care Spending and Longevity 14 Smoking and Health … Miscellaneous health effects of smoking Smoking may cause eye diseases that lead to blindness such as cataract (clouding of the lens) and macular degeneration (resulting in loss of sharp vision). The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. Smoking causes negative effects on the body, including inflammation (swelling) and decreased immune function (your body’s protection system).5 6. A Report of the Surgeon General pdf icon [PDF – 36MB] external icon. 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