lahore name history

When talking about the history of Lahore, it will take you back in the past. [16], At the commencement of British rule, Lahore was estimated to have a population of 120,000. [136], Lawrence Gardens were also laid near Civil Station, and were paid for by donations solicited from both Lahore's European community, as well as from wealthy locals. Lahore was selected as the capital for several years when Mughal Empire ruled the area. Athens of the North? Find the origins, meaning of the Lahore name, photos, and more. Hindu legend attributes the founding of Lahore to Lava, or Lōh, son of Rāma, for whom it is said to have been named Lōhāwar. It is a state-of-the-art facility featuring golf, water parks, and leisure activities such as horse riding, archery and more. Some sources say that it derives from Loh or Lava, the name of the son of Rama in the ancient Hindu epic poem, the Ramayana. During the 1740s, frequent invasions by Afghans led by Ahmad Shah Abdali and has created chaos in local government had made life very uncomfortable for the citizens of Lahore. Looking at how history and the present interact, how history survives, how is it interpreted, and perhaps the difference between local histories and larger nationalistic histories. ", Story of Pakistan – Lahore Resolution 1940, "Here's How Radcliffe Line Was Drawn On This Day And Lahore Could Not Become A Part of India", "Political History and Administrative History of the Punjab", "Highest temperature in 78 years: Four die as city sizzles at 48o C", "Pakmet.com.pk - Pakistan's Biggest Property Website", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "District Wise Population by Sex and Rural/Urban – Census 2017 [pdf]", "Largest Christian Community of Pakistan resides in Lahore District", "Sikh pilgrims from India arrive in Lahore", "Lahore's only functional Hindu temple: Persecution amidst lights", "University of the Punjab – Examinations", "Supreme Court's Urdu verdict: No language can be imposed from above", "Two-member SC bench refers Punjabi language case to CJP", http://nation.com.pk/columns/23-Sep-2010/Some-vanished-gardens-of-Lahore, http://lahore.city-history.com/places/hazori-bagh/, "Father of modern Lahore remembered on anniversary. Punjab … [16] Akbar also established the Dharampura neighbourhood in the early 1580s, which survives today. Lahore eventually became capital of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, and regained some of its lost grandeur. [49][50], Following the death of Aibak, Lahore came to be disputed among Ghurid officers. Lahore Cantonment Station also operates a few trains. The monsoon season starts in late July, and the wettest month is August,[110] with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the possibility of cloudbursts. Lahore's reputation for beauty fascinated the English poet John Milton, who wrote "Agra and Lahore, the Seat of the Great Mughal" in 1670. [26][27] Another theory suggests the city's name may derive from the word Lohar, meaning "blacksmith. The old writings tell us about the origin of a definitive city in the 10th century. [88] The 17th century Dai Anga Mosque was converted into railway administration offices during this time, the tomb of Nawab Bahadur Khan converted into a storehouse, and tomb of Mir Mannu was used as a wine shop. [18] Capital flight further weakened the city's economy while Karachi industrialized and became more prosperous. Said Khan was removed from power in 1500 by Sikandar Lodi, and Lahore came under the governorship of Daulat Khan Lodi, son of Tatar Khan and former employer of Guru Nanak – founder of the Sikh faith. [168] The popular Mela Chiraghan festival in Lahore takes place at the shrine of Madho Lal Hussain, while other large urs take place at the shrines of Bibi Pak Daman, and at the Shrine of Mian Mir. [57], Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, captured Lahore in 1524 after being invited to invade by Daulat Khan Lodi, the Lodi governor of Lahore. However, it is not just a plain record but rather the construction, interpretation and evaluation of the past, which is the Shortly after defeating the Afghans in the Battle of Delhi, the Marathas entered Lahore in 1758. By the advice of the Bhati Rajput tribe, the Raja Jayapala formed an alliance with the Afghans, and, with their aid, was enabled to withstand the first invasion. [64] Shah Jahan lavished Lahore with some of its most celebrated and iconic monuments, such as the Shahi Hammam in 1635, and both the Shalimar Gardens and the extravagantly decorated Wazir Khan Mosque in 1641. Lahore hosts some of Pakistan's oldest and best educational institutes: Pakistan playing against Argentina in 2005. The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, also located near the Walled City, houses the funerary urns of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The Walled City of Lahore known locally as the "Un-droone Shehr" (Inner City) is the oldest and most historic part of Lahore. Similar: Names listed in the "Similar" section are phonetically similar and may not have any relation to Lahori To find out more about this surname's family history, lookup records on Family Search, My Heritage, FindMyPast and Ancestry. His son Kharak Singh quickly died after taking the throne on 6 November 1840, while the next appointed successor Nau Nihal Singh to the throne died in an accident at Lahore's Hazuri Bagh also on 6 November 1840 - the very same day of Kharak Singh's death. [38] The establishment of Mughal rule eventually led to the most prosperous era of Lahore's history. Two unstable years later, they were drawn into a second war with the Sikhs at the southern city of Multan when that city's governor, Mul Raj, encouraged his troops to rebel. In 1851 there were 2 Lahore families living in Lanarkshire. The British built the Lahore Railway Station just outside the Walled City shortly after the Mutiny of 1857, and so built the station in the style of a medieval castle to ward off any potential future uprisings, with thick walls, turrets, and holes to direct gun and cannon fire for defence of the structure. Jahangir's son, Shahjahan Burki, was born in Lahore. The first racing club, established in 1924, is called LRC or Lahore Race Club. The newly opened Oasis Golf and Aqua Resort is another addition to the city. [38], By the end of the 18th century, the city's population drastically declined, with its remaining resident's living within the city walls, while the extramural suburbs lay abandoned, forcing travelers to pass through abandoned and ruined suburbs for a few miles before reaching the city's gates. The most Lahore families were found in the USA in 1920, and Canada in 1911. [169] Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha are celebrated in the city with public buildings and shopping centers decorated in lights. Host name : s3-website-ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 106, HUDUD AL-'ALAM 'The Regions of the World' A Persian Geography, Dawn Pakistan – The 'shroud' over Lahore's antiquity, An evaluation of Lahore Style of Architecture, Why ‘scourge of god’ ransacked Lahore every six years, Indo-Persian Historiography Up to the Thirteenth Century, The Dancing Girl: A History of Early India, The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan, Marathas and the English Company 1707–1818 by Sanderson Beck", The Ninth Master Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621–1675), Encyclopædia Britannica article on Lahore, https://www.ualberta.ca/~rnoor/mosque_badshahi.html, "Father of modern Lahore remembered on anniversary. [120] Lahore is a young city with over 40% of its inhabitants below the age of 15. The gate of the present city, known as the Lahori or Lohari Gate was so called as being the gateway looking in the direction of Lohawar or old Lahore just as the Kashmiri Gate looks towards Kashmir, and the Delhi Gate of modern Delhi to the ancient city of that name. [63] Emperor Jahangir chose to be buried in Lahore, and his tomb was built in Lahore's Shahdara Bagh suburb in 1637 by his wife Nur Jahan, whose tomb is also nearby. The second Islamic Summit Conference was held in the city in 1974. The old city – existed for at least a thousand years – developed in and around circular road. But also, in accordance with what all Indian architectural researchers tend to show namely, that the northern Hindus were not, until a comparatively late period, in the habit of building temples, or durable edifices of any kind. Sher Shah Suri continued to rise in power, and seized Lahore in 1540, though Humayun reconquered Lahore in February 1555. Out of the chaos of Afghan and Sikh conflicts Ranjit Singh who was able to unify the Sikh factions and capture Lahore where he was crowned Emperor. In 1966, the Government of Pakistan awarded a special flag, the Hilal-i-istaqlal to Lahore (also to Sargodha and Sialkot) for showing severe resistance to the enemy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 as these cities were targets of the Indian aggression. The same scenario occurred in 2019 as well. The last Lodi ruler, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi was greatly disliked by his court and subjects. The origins of the name Lahore have been discussed in accounts and texts dating to various times throughout history. A battle ensued in the vicinity of Lamghan ending with the defeat of the Raja and overtures being made for peace. [38] Lahore's prosperity and central position has yielded more Mughal-era monuments in Lahore than either Delhi or Agra. This building was established in 1889 and its name is given in the memory of Queen Victoria. The same account attributes the founding of nearby Kasur to his twin brother Prince Kusha. He was met by Raja Jayapala, the Raja of Lahore whose dominion is said to have extended from Sirhind to Laghman and from Kashmir to Multan. According to oral traditions, Lahore was named after Lava, son of the Hindu god Rama, who supposedly founded the city. [25] Ranjit Singh used the Hazuri Bagh, the enclosed garden next to the Mosque as his official royal court of audience. So it can be seen how far its history can take you. [170], Basant is a traditional Punjabi festival that marks the coming of spring. A legend based on oral traditions holds that Lahore was known in ancient times as Lavapuri (City of Lava in Sanskrit),and was founded by Prince Lava the son of Sita and Rama; Kasur was founded by his twin brother Prince Kusha. In March 1758, about 50,000 soldiers of the Maratha Empire laid siege to Sirhind, with a usual alliance with Khalsa and Mughal Commander Khan Adina Beig. [139][140], As of 2008[update], the city's gross domestic product (GDP) by purchasing power parity (PPP) was estimated at $40 billion with a projected average growth rate of 5.6 percent. These motorcycles need to be booked in advance by apps. [16] In 1606, Jehangir's rebel son Khusrau Mirza laid siege to Lahore after obtaining the blessings of the Sikh Guru Arjan Dev. [16], Shah Jahan's son, and last of the great Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, further contributed to the development of Lahore. 3 M.A. [123], According to the 1998 census, 94% of Lahore's population is Muslim, up from 60% in 1941. He renovated large portions of the Lahore Fort with luxurious white marble and erected the iconic Naulakha Pavilion in 1633. Courts have banned the kite-flying because of casualties and power installation losses. There are a number of municipal, provincial and federal roads that serve Lahore. [99], The 1941 census showed that city of Lahore had a population of 671,659, of which was 64.5% Muslim, with the remainder 35% being Hindu and Sikh, alongside a small Christian community. [26] In 1762 A.D., the Bhangi Sikh Sardar army conquered Lahore and occupied the Shaheed Ganj Mosque, together with the courtyard. Everyone is familiar with the Empress Market of Sadar Karachi but maybe two to three people may know about its history. [76] Ranjit Singh also built the Hazuri Bagh Baradari in 1818 to celebrate his capture of the Koh-i-Noor diamond from Shuja Shah Durrani in 1813. [38] Sikh rebels were defeated during the reign of Farrukhsiyar, when Abd as-Samad and Zakariyya Khan suppressed them. On 7 July 1799, the Sikh militia of the Sukerchakia chief, Ranjit Singh, occupied Lahore. [35], Timur gave control of the Lahore region to Khizr Khan, Governor of Multan, who later established the Sayyid dynasty in 1414 – the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Lahore is also known as the ancient city. Lahore at this time had more poets writing in Persian than any city in Persia or Khorasan. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, (Edition: Volume V22, Date: 1910–1911), Page 892. [137], The British authorities built several important structures around the time of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 in the distinct Indo-Saracenic style. [8] Lahore is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP (PPP) of $65.14 billion as of 2017. Around 580 BC., when king Bimbisara ruled South Asia, the society came to be divided into different communities based on their occupation. Reconstruction began in 1949 of the Shah Alami Bazaar, the former commercial heart of the Walled City until it was destroyed in the 1947 riots. There are some grounds supporting that the old Hindu city of Lahore did not occupy exactly the site of the modern city. [188], This article is about the city. The Punjab government embarked on a major project in 2009 to restore the Royal Trail (Shahi Guzar Gah) from Akbari Gate to the Lahore Fort with the help of the World Bank under the Sustainable Development of the Walled City of Lahore (SDWCL) project. [citation needed][dubious – discuss] Historian Burton writes Lohanas were brave people and says they were spread over today's Baluchistan (Pakistan), Afghanistan and eastern fringes of Central Asia. [16] Akbar made Lahore one of his original twelve subah provinces,[16] and in 1585–86 relegated governorship of the city and subah to Bhagwant Das, brother of Mariam-uz-Zamani, who was commonly known as Jodhabhai.[60]. "[28], According to Hindu legend,[29][30] Lahore's name derives from Lavpur or Lavapuri ("City of Lava"),[31] and is said to have been founded by Prince Lava,[32] the son of Sita and Rama. Additionally, Lahore contains some of Sikhism's holiest sites, and is a major Sikh pilgrimage site. The General Post Office (GPO) and YMCA buildings in Lahore commemorated the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria, an event marked by the construction of clock towers and monuments all over India. [97] The Indian Swaraj flag was adopted this time as well. The most Lahore families were found in the USA in 1920, and Canada in 1911. [36], Ptolemy mentions in his Geographia a city called Labokla situated near the Chenab and Ravi Rivers which may have been in reference to ancient Lahore, or an abandoned predecessor of the city. The gardens featured over 600 species of plants, and were tended to by a horticulturist sent from London's Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. The Lahore Museum and Mayo School of Industrial Arts were both established around this in this style. [66], The many other gardens and parks in the city include Hazuri Bagh, Iqbal Park, Mochi Bagh, Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park, Model Town Park, Race Course Park, Nasir Bagh Lahore, Jallo Park, Lahore Zoo Safari Park, and Changa Manga, a man-made forest near Lahore in the Kasur district. Mubashir Javed of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) was elected mayor of Lahore in 2016. The present Lahore Fort stands in the same location. The Lahore family name was found in the USA, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Many of Lahore's most important buildings were designed by Sir Ganga Ram, who is sometimes called the "Father of modern Lahore."[138]. [66] After capturing the Lahore, Sikh soldiers immediately began plundering Muslim areas of the city until their actions were reined in by Ranjit Singh.[74]. [16] The largest of Lahore's Mughal monuments was raised during his reign, the Badshahi Mosque in 1673, as well as the iconic Alamgiri gate of the Lahore Fort in 1674. 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